At this time of the year, most academicians await the announcement of the Noble Prize winners. This prestigious award is presented to worthy candidates in the fields of medicine, physics, chemistry, economics, literature, and peace. The winners of this year will be announced on the following dates: Medicine: October 7
Physics: October 8
Chemistry: October 9
Peace: October 11
Economics: October 14
Of course, we’re most interested in the academic awards, namely those for Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Economics. Before delving into guessing this year’s winners, let’s take a look at the award winners of 2012:
- Physics: The 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland "for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems."
- Chemistry: The 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to Robert J. Lefkowitz and Brian K. Kobilka "for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors."
- Medicine: The 2012 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded jointly to Sir John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka "for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent.
- Economics: The 2012 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel was awarded jointly to Alvin E. Roth and Lloyd S. Shapley "for the theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design."
Academicians all over the world are guessing and predicting who the winners for this year will be. Like every year, Thomson Reuters has released a list of “Nobel-class” Citation Laureates for 2013. This list predicts the potential winners of the Nobel Prize based on a study of scientific research citations to identify the most influential researchers in the fields of chemistry, physics, medicine and economics. The notable Citation Laureates of 2013, and their areas of work, are as follows:
a. Daniel J. Klionsky
Alexander G. Ruthven Professor of Life Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
b. Noboru Mizushima
Professor, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Graduate School and Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
c. Yoshinori Ohsumi
Professor, Frontier Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan
· DNA methylation and gene expression
a. Adrian P. Bird
Buchanan Professor of Genetics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland United Kingdom
b. Howard Cedar
Edmond J. Safra Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
c. Aharon Razin
Professor Biochemistry Emeritus, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
· Extrasolar planets
a. Geoffrey W. Marcy
Professor of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, California, USA
b. Michel Mayor
Emeritus Professor, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
c. Didier Queloz
Professor, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom, and Professor, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
· Iron-based superconductors
a. Hideo Hosono
Professor, Materials and Structures Laboratory and Director of Materials Research Center for Element Strategy, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan
· The Brout-Englert-Higgs boson
a. François Englert
Professor Emeritus, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium, and Distinguished Visiting Professor in Residence, Chapman's Institute for Quantum Studies, Chapman University, Orange, CA USA
b. Peter W. Higgs
Professor Emeritus, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom
· Ames test of mutagenicity
a. Bruce N. Ames
Senior Scientist, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, California, and Professor Emeritus, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA
· DNA nanotechnology
a. A. Paul Alivisatos
Samsung Distinguished Professor of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, and Professor of Chemistry and Materials Science & Engineering, and Director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California USA
b. Chad A. Mirkin
George B. Rathmann Professor of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA
c. Nadrian C. Seeman
Margaret and Herman Sokol Professor of Chemistry, New York University, New York, NY USA
· Econometric time-series
a. Sir David F. Hendry
Professor of Economics, University of Oxford, Oxford, England, United Kingdom
b. M. Hashem Pesaran
John Elliot Distinguished Chair in Economics and Professor of Economics & Director, Centre for Applied Financial Economics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA, Emeritus Professor of Economics and Fellow of Trinity College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom
c. Peter C.B. Phillips
Sterling Professor of Economics and Professor of Statistics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
· Economic theories of regulation
a. Sam Peltzman
Ralph and Dorothy Keller Distinguished Service Professor of Economics Emeritus, University of Chicago Booth School of Business, Chicago, Illinois, USA
b. Richard A. Posner
Judge, United States Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, and Senior Lecturer, University of Chicago Law School, Chicago, Illinois, USA
a. Joshua D. Angrist
Ford Professor of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
b. David E. Card
Class of 1950 Professor of Economics, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA
c. Alan B. Krueger
Bendheim Professor of Economics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA
The prestige of the Nobel Prize is partly due to the substantial research that goes into the selection of the prizewinners. Each year, the Nobel Committees send invitations to thousands of members of academies, university professors, scientists from numerous countries, previous Nobel Laureates, and others, asking them to submit candidates for the Nobel Prizes for the coming year. After the nominations are received, the Nobel Committee assesses the work of each nominee and prepares a detailed report of their recommendations for the final winners. Each field recognized by the Nobel Committee follows its own pattern of selection and nomination.
Some facts about the nomination and selection process are:
- The nomination processes start in September each year.
- No person can nominate herself/himself for a Nobel Prize.
- The Nobel Committees are responsible for the selection of the candidates.
- The names of the nominees cannot be revealed until 50 years later.
You can find detailed information about the process of nomination and selection of the laureates here:http://thomsonreuters.com/press-releases/092013/nobel-laureates.
Good luck to all these high-impact researchers and others who may not be on this list too! Keep following this space to know more about the latest news and updates about the Nobel Prize.